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Koichi Ito

Koichi-Ito 0703

Prof. Koichi Ito
Department of Medical System Engineering
Graduate School of Engineering, Chiba University
1-33 Yayoi-cho, Inage-ku, Chiba-shi, 263-8522, Japan
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Koichi Ito was born in Nagoya, Japan and received the B.S. and M.S. degrees from Chiba University, Chiba, Japan, in 1974 and 1976, respectively, and the D.E. degree from Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo, Japan, in 1985, all in electrical engineering. From 1976 to 1979, he was a Research Associate at the Tokyo Institute of Technology. From 1979 to 1989, he was a Research Associate at Chiba University. From 1989 to 1997, he was an Associate Professor at the Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Chiba University, and is currently a Professor at the Department of Medical System Engineering, Chiba University. From 2005 to 2009, he was Deputy Vice-President for Research, Chiba University. From 2008 to 2009, he was Vice-Dean of the Graduate School of Engineering, Chiba University. Since April 2009, he has been appointed as Director of Research Center for Frontier Medical Engineering, Chiba University. In 1989, 1994, and 1998, he visited the University of Rennes I, France, as an Invited Professor. He has been appointed as Adjunct Professor to the University of Indonesia since 2010.

His main research interests include analysis and design of printed antennas and small antennas for mobile communications, research on evaluation of the interaction between electromagnetic fields and the human body by use of numerical and experimental phantoms, microwave antennas for medical applications such as cancer treatment, and antenna systems for body-centric wireless communications. 

Professor Ito is a Fellow of the IEEE, a Fellow of the IEICE and a member of AAAS, the Bioelectromagnetics Society (BEMS), the Institute of Image Information and Television Engineers of Japan (ITE) and the Japanese Society for Thermal Medicine. He served as Chair of the Technical Group on Radio and Optical Transmissions, ITE from 1997 to 2001, Chair of the Technical Committee on Human Phantoms for Electromagnetics, IEICE from 1998 to 2006, Chair of the IEEE AP-S Japan Chapter from 2001 to 2002, General Chair of the 2008 IEEE International Workshop on Antenna Technology (iWAT2008), an AdCom member for the IEEE AP-S from 2007 to 2009, and an Associate Editor for the IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation from 2004 to 2010. He currently serves as a Distinguished Lecturer for the IEEE AP-S and Chair of the Technical Committee on Antennas and Propagation, IEICE. He has been appointed as General Chair of the 2012 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (ISAP2012) to be held in Nagoya, Japan, a member of the Board of Directors, BEMS, a Councilor to the Asian Society of Hyperthermic Oncology (ASHO), and Chair of the IEEE AP-S Committee on Man and Radiation (COMAR).

Antennas for Body-Centric Wireless Communications

Recently, a study on body-centric wireless communications has become an active and attractive area of research because of their various applications such as e-healthcare, support systems for specialized occupations, monitoring systems for elderly and handicapped people, entertainment, and so on. Whereas UHF bands are subjects of interest especially in Europe and USA, HF bands are of great interest especially in Japan. Hence, all of the prospective frequencies are in an extremely wide range, and an objective idea on how to select a right frequency band for individual applications is required. As for the antennas, many types of wearable (on-body) and implantable (in-body) antennas have been reported.

Currently in our laboratory, we have been studying on frequency dependence of basic characteristics of simple wearable antennas as well as body-centric wireless communication channels in the range of HF to UHF (3 MHz – 3 GHz). Also, we have been investigating numerically and experimentally thin implantable antennas in UHF band.

In this presentation, firstly, electric field distributions around the human body wearing a small top-loaded monopole antenna are numerically calculated and compared in a wide range of HF to UHF bands. Then, received open voltages at receiving antennas which are equipped at several different points on the human body are numerically investigated. The received open voltages are also numerically calculated and compared with several different postures of the human body. Finally, some basic performances of miniaturized thin implantable antennas are numerically calculated in UHF band. Experimental validation is also demonstrated.

Microwave Antennas for Medical Applications

In recent years, various types of medical applications of antennas have widely been investigated and reported. Typical recent applications are:

(1) Information transmission:
- RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) / Wearable or Implantable monitor
- Wireless telemedicine / Mobile health system

(2) Diagnosis:
- MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) / fMRI
- Microwave CT (Computed Tomography) / Radiometry

(3) Treatment:
- Thermal therapy (Hyperthermia, ablation, etc)
- Microwave knife

In this presentation, three different types of antennas which have been studied in our laboratory are introduced. Firstly, a pretty small antenna for an implantable monitoring system is presented. A cavity slot antenna is a good candidate for such a system. Some numerical and experimental characteristics of the antenna are demonstrated. Secondly, some different antennas or “RF coils” for MRI systems are introduced. In addition, SAR (specific absorption rate) distributions in the abdomen of a pregnant woman generated in a bird cage coil are illustrated. Finally, after a brief overview of thermal therapy and microwave heating, coaxial-slot antennas and array applicators composed of several coaxial-slot antennas for minimally invasive microwave thermal therapies are introduced. Then a few results of actual clinical trials by use of coaxial-slot antennas are demonstrated from a technical point of view. Other therapeutic applications of the coaxial-slot antennas such as hyperthermic treatment for brain tumor and intracavitary hyperthermia for bile duct carcinoma are introduced.